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The origin of the Royal House of Stewart has long remained an enigma, bewildering historical students, as to knowing so little concerning their genesis.  The old chroniclers of Scotland traced the family back to Banquo, who in the reign of King Duncan of Scotland in the years 1034 to1040 was a Royal Thane in the district of Lochaber, who, in the exercise of his official function as collector of crown revenues, was set upon and left for dead by a gang of thugs called Magdoualds, who inhabited those parts. Banquo complained to the king who empowered him and Macbeth, the Maormor of Ross, another of his generals, to March against and chastise the western rebels, who had gathered together a mixed host of Isle men and Irish freebooters.

Banquo is next associated with King Duncan at the battle of Culros, where he commanded the second division of the army, which was vanquished by Sueno the Norwegian. In a succeeding struggle, the enemy having partaken of provisions that had been drugged by the Scots, who placed them in their way, was defeated at Perth, and followed up his victory by dispersing Canute’s fleet in the fourth.  In these and other brilliant campaigns, Banquo, as a courtier of rank and importance, shared the Honors of the victorious generals.

As legend has it he and Macbeth, one day, were enjoying sport in the vicinity of Forres, when they were approached by three witches’, who addressed them in prophetic voices.

1st. Witch “lesser than Macbeth and greater.”

2nd. Witch “Not so happy, much happier.”

3rd. Witch” Thou shalt get Kings, though thou be none.

               So all hail, Macbeth and Banguo!”

Incited by the witches suggestions, Macbeth, having Banquho in his counsels, killed the king and usurped his throne.  Still, the words of the weird sisters haunted the mind of the childless of monarch, who conceived an idea to kill Banquo, who was to be the parent of Kings.  He invited Banquo and his son Fleanchus to a banquet, which was a trap, hedged ruined with assassins ready to dispatch them both on their departure.  But, warned by friends at court, both of them escaped and Fleanchus fled in exile to Wales.

The talent of Fleanchus soon won the notice of the prince there; he treated “the beautiful and noble youth” well only to be requited by Fleanchus dishonoring his daughter, who gave birth to a son, Walter by name.  The Welsh prince killed Fleanchus and made his daughter a surf and he sent Walter to live in the country. 

 In his 20th Year Walter returned and ingratiated himself at his maternal grandfathers court until, embroiled in some drunken brawl, he slew a taunting Welshman and made for Scotland, where his grandfather seemed still to be living, in order to seek refuge under Queen Margaret, a Saxon princess of England, born while her parents were exiled in Hungary.

 Under King Malcolm III he rose to become the victorious general who subdued the rebels of Galloway and the isles, and finely was appointed the steward of the realm and lord of the Stewart-lands in Ayrshire. This History of the family was thought to be correct and a long held belief of those who authored the old genealogy. This, however, is just a Shakespearian Tale known as Macbeth.

 

                                                  Flaald of Dol

In John O’Hart’s book, Irish Pedigrees-The Origin of the Irish Nation he traces the family to Adam, although proof of this descent is hard to come by. O’ Hart put Fleance as the 108 generation from Adam. What is known for sure is that Flaald of Dol, Dapifer of Dol is the first of the family that can be documented in history.  His existence is amply proved by a remarkable reference to property held in England for centuries afterwards held by the FitzAlans. In an inquest made in the hundreds of Laundiz, in Norfolk, in the reign of Edward I., in the year 1275, the jurors note:” they say also that the manor of Melam with its pertinents was in the hands of King William the bastard at the conquest, and the said king gave the said manor to a certain soldier, who was called Flancus, who came with the said king into England, its parts and all its pertinents, and afterwards the said manor descended from heir to air to John the son of Alan, who is now in the custody of the king,”&c.

Flaald was born in about the year 1016. he was the father of

 

I.        Alan of Dol Born 1037 in Bretagne, France.

 

                                                   Alan of Dol 

had the following children

I.        Alan of Dol, Dapifer of Dol Born in the year 1057.

The eldest son Alan engaged in the crusade of 1097, and died in Jerusalem, Palestine without issue.  The lands and office of Senescal of Dol reverted to his Brother Flaald.

II.       Flaald of Dol, Dapifer of Dol Born in the year 1059 had issue see below.

III.      Rhiwallon of Doll Born in the year 1061, he entered into  

         religion as a monk at Mezuoit.

 

  

 

                                                  Flaald of Dol

Flaald had a son named Alan Fitz Flaald, he appears in the English records as sheriff of Shropshire from the year 1101 onward.

 

                                                Alan Fitz-Flaald

We are fortunate in possessing many charters which bear the name of Alan Fitz Flaald, as witness to the generosity of his feudal superiors, and as the donor of many benefactions to churches, both in England and Brittany, connected with the great monastery of the Benedictine order at Marmoutier. He possessed property in Norfolk and at Mileham this is shown by a charter preserved in the white book of St Florent, by which Allen gives to the monks of St Florent-pres-Saumur, for the safety of his soul, the church of Sporle and its tithes, besides other rich gifts of fuel and pasturage, 100 acres of land in Melehan (Milaham). 

Alan Fitz-Flaald married Aveline de Hesdin the daughter of Ernulf de Hesdin I in the year 1098 in Dol, Bretagne, France. She was born in the year 1080 in Hesdin, Pas-de-Calais, France.  They had three sons and one daughter.

I.        Jordan born in the year 1101.

II.       William lord of Oswestrie born 1105 died in the year1160.

III.     Walter 1st High Steward of Scotland born 1108 had issue see below.

IV.      Sybil born in the year 1115.

 

Jordan inherited the family estates and office of Senescal of Dole in Brittany and the lands of Burton, Tuxford, Warsop, ect., in England. He appears in the English pipe rolls as a landowner in Lincolnshire in the years 1129 to 1130.  In an agreement that the abbot of Marmoutier in Brittany he is there styled “a valiant and illustrious man”.  William lord of Oswestrie in Shropshire is the ancestor of the English house of Fitz-Alan.  Walter,’ the son of Alan,’ appears in the English ‘Liber Niger Scaccarii,’ in about 1154 as vassal of William the son of Alan of shropshire for lands of the value of two knights’ fees.  In a charter in the year 1185 William the son of Alan and Walter the son of Alan appear as benefactors of the order of the knights Templars.

William supported David I of Scotland in asserting the rights of the empress Matilda to the English throne, and his brother Walter accompanied David I to Scotland.  He appears as high steward of Scotland in the reign of David I and Malcolm IV.  He was judge of the Kings household and the whole family of the royal palace was under his care.  This office was esteemed of great dignity and was held heritable for many years by the family.  Since which time the eldest son of the king is Natus Senescallus Scotie.

 

                                              Walter Fitz-Alan

On his creation as High Steward he also received great estates in the Lowlands of Scotland.  In the year 1157 King Malcolm IV ratified the grants of the office of steward of Scotland to the family, and added greatly to Walters’s possessions to support the dignity while traveling in the service of the crown.  In the year 1164 he repelled an invasion of Renfrewshire.

 Walter founded paisley Abbey in the year 1163, when he issued a charter for a priory to be set upon the site.  It was raised to the status of the abbey in the year 1245.  In the year 1307 Edward I of England had the abbey burned down.  It was rebuilt later in the 14th century. But a succession of fires and the collapse of the tower in the 15th and 16th century left the building in a partly ruined state.

The western section was still used and the eastern section robbed for its stone.  From the year 1858 to the year 1928 the north porch in the eastern choir was reconstructed on the remains of the ruined walls. Paisley Abbey is used for services of worship every Sunday and since the reformation the Abbey has served as a parish of the Church of Scotland.  It is located on the east bank of the white cart water in the centre of the town of paisley, Renfrewshire, in West Central Scotland. Six of the high Stewards of Scotland are buried here starting with Walter.

Walter Fitz-Alan married Eschyna de Molle daughter of Thomas de London in the year 1131, in paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland.  She was born in the year 1110 in Moll, Inverness-shire, Scotland.  Walter died in the year of 1177 in Black Hall Manor, paisley.  They had two daughters and two sons.

 I.         Marjory born in the year 1132.

II.         Alan 2nd High Steward of Scotland born 1135 had issue see below.

III.        Simon born in the year 1138.

IV.       Christina Countess of Dunbar born in the year 1148.

 

 

                 

                                                  Paisley Abbey

                               Six of the High Stewards of Scotland are buried here.

 

                                           Alan 2nd High Steward

Alan of Scotland accompanied Richard Coeur de Lion (the Lion heart) to the crusades

Where he obtained great fame and returned into Scotland with a reputation of a most gallant warrior. It is Alan or His son Walter that built Rothesay Castle.  Alan married Eva in the year 1162; she was born in the year 1140 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland.  He died in the year 1204, leaving three sons and one daughter.

I.      David born in the year 1163, he appears as a guarantor of        

        King Alexander’s engagement to marry the princess of

        England.       

II.    Walter 3rd High Steward of Scotland Born in the year 1165

        In Paisley,Renfrewshire,Scotland had issue.

III.    Leonard born in the year 1168 and Paisley, Renfrewshire,

       Scotland

IV.    Avelina born in the year 1175.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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